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Subsidy and Special Conditions Overview - SSI/DI Work Incentive

"Subsidy" and "special conditions" are the Social Security Administration's (SSA's) names for support you receive on the job that may result in you receiving more pay than the actual value of the services you perform.

A "subsidy" is provided by your employer. "Special conditions" may be provided by your employer or by someone other than your employer (for example, a vocational rehabilitation agency).

SSA considers the existence of subsidy and special conditions when SSA determines whether or not you are engaging in Substantial Gainful Activity (SGA). SSA uses only earnings that represent the real value of the work you perform to decide if your work is at the SGA level.

NOTE: SSA does not take into account subsidy or special conditions when SSA figures your Supplemental Security Income (SSI) payment amount. For SSI, SGA is taken into account only in determining initial eligibility for those whose disability is other than blindness. (SGA is not a factor in determining the eligibility of those who meet the SSA criteria for blindness.)

Examples

Subsidy and special conditions may exist if:

You receive more supervision than other workers doing the same or a similar job for the same pay;

You have fewer or simpler tasks to complete than other workers doing the same job for the same pay; or

You have a job coach or mentor who helps you perform some of your work.

If your employer and/or other involved parties cannot or will not set the real value of your work, SSA will decide the value of your work.

NOTE: In determining SGA, SSA also takes into account Impairment Related Work Expenses (IRWEs) and Unincurred Business Expenses.

Additional Information

See the topic Subsidies and Special Conditions - Clarification for additional description and discussion of what SSA considers when determining if a subsidy is being made and whether or not special conditions apply.

See Also:

Subsidy - SSDI - Extra Supervision & Special Conditions

Value of a Subsidy for Extra Supervision

Claiming your Extra Supervision Subsidy

Subsidy - Reduced Duties - SSI/DI Work Incentive

Value of Reduced Duties Subsidy

Claiming Your Reduced Duties Subsidy

Work Incentives Overview

SSI Work Incentives

SSDI Work Incentives

Source

Information for this topic was drawn from the SSA POMS website at:
https://secure.ssa.gov/apps10/poms.nsf/lnx/0410505010#a


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