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State Median Income

The tables below show Estimated State Median Income by state for a 4-person family for current and previous Federal Fiscal Years (FFY). These figures (or a percentage of them) are used by some states as the maximum income level allowed in determining income eligibility for certain programs, such as the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) or Federal Child Care and Development Funds (CCDF). Figures in the tables below have been published in the Federal Register for use in the LIHEAP program.

Note that the estimates shown in the tables are for use in determining program eligibility in the specific Federal Fiscal Years shown. See Note 2 below the tables for an explanation of how the figures were derived from various data sources.

Also see the notes below the tables for directions on how to compute values for family sizes other than four, and for historical data and additional explanation.

You may scroll down through this topic or select one of the links below to see the data for a specific fiscal year (Note that there are two different sets of numbers for 2001):

                   Fiscal Years 2012 - 2009

                   Fiscal Years 2008 - 2005

                   Fiscal Years 2004 - 2001

                   Fiscal Years 2001 - 1998

 

Image of horizontal red colored lines, used to seperate topic sections.

Median Income for 4-Person Families, by State, for FY 2012-2009

Fiscal Year

2012

2011

2010

2009

United States

-

75,648

72,336

70,354

Alabama

-

64,613

60,382

60,298

Alaska

-

84,350

79,770

71,781

Arizona

-

70,110

66,839

65,050

Arkansas

-

56,595

54,662

52,185

California

-

79,704

76,388

74,801

Colorado

-

80,519

76,200

75,775

Connecticut

-

101,643

97,708

93,821

Delaware

-

84,223

79,709

78,321

District of Columbia

-

68,304

64,678

71,571

Florida

-

69,801

67,014

65,024

Georgia

-

70,322

68,776

66,711

Hawaii

-

90,199

84,438

84,472

Idaho

-

63,634

60,560

58,066

Illinois

-

81,187

77,813

75,484

Indiana

-

71,006

68,410

67,787

Iowa

-

73,401

70,967

67,792

Kansas

-

73,321

69,863

67,897

Kentucky

-

64,597

61,207

60,202

Louisiana

-

65,700

61,438

60,161

Maine

-

68,992

66,948

63,501

Maryland

-

101,413

96,952

94,017

Massachusetts

-

98,561

93,351

89,347

Michigan

-

76,385

75,149

72,591

Minnesota

-

87,000

83,444

81,477

Mississippi

-

56,628

52,870

52,992

Missouri

-

69,565

66,939

63,274

Montana

-

65,585

62,353

60,576

Nebraska

-

72,817

69,854

68,917

Nevada

-

71,963

68,646

66,097

New Hampshire

-

93,433

88,625

87,396

New Jersey

-

102,472

97,326

94,441

New Mexico

-

55,279

53,041

52,034

New York

-

81,884

78,061

75,513

North Carolina

-

67,798

64,591

61,420

North Dakota

-

73,101

67,183

67,560

Ohio

-

73,794

71,063

68,579

Oklahoma

-

60,830

57,247

55,031

Oregon

-

71,541

67,605

64,832

Pennsylvania

-

78,665

75,161

74,072

Rhode Island

-

85,963

83,241

78,189

South Carolina

-

64,825

61,494

59,663

South Dakota

-

68,631

64,930

63,508

Tennessee

-

64,203

61,581

60,143

Texas

-

65,348

62,358

59,808

Utah

-

69,814

65,460

63,586

Vermont

-

74,354

73,550

67,884

Virginia

-

84,911

81,919

78,413

Washington

-

81,684

77,676

75,140

West Virginia

-

58,622

56,430

55,920

Wisconsin

-

78,742

75,111

72,495

Wyoming

-

78,905

72,788

71,559

Image of horizontal red colored lines, used to seperate topic sections.

Median Income for 4-Person Families, by State, for FY 2008-2005

Fiscal Year

2008

2007

2006

2005

United States

67,019

66,111

65,093

62,732

Alabama

53,690

58,652

55,448

53,754

Alaska

76,560

78,057

72,110

69,868

Arizona

61,102

57,119

58,206

56,857

Arkansas

52,217

51,061

48,353

49,551

California

70,712

69,377

67,814

65,766

Colorado

70,300

73,213

71,559

68,089

Connecticut

92,205

89,319

86,001

81,891

Delaware

76,288

74,993

72,680

69,469

District of Columbia

50,248

64,980

56,067

55,692

Florida

62,269

60,803

58,605

57,473

Georgia

64,427

60,447

62,294

60,676

Hawaii

79,240

73,477

71,320

67,564

Idaho

52,470

57,773

53,376

54,279

Illinois

72,368

70,558

72,368

69,168

Indiana

64,564

65,464

65,009

63,022

Iowa

65,575

66,470

64,341

61,238

Kansas

64,929

65,777

64,215

61,926

Kentucky

54,992

57,540

53,198

54,030

Louisiana

55,945

54,394

50,529

52,299

Maine

64,806

66,107

59,596

58,802

Maryland

89,608

87,972

82,363

77,938

Massachusetts

85,420

86,747

82,561

78,312

Michigan

71,542

71,324

68,602

67,995

Minnesota

77,395

78,829

76,733

72,379

Mississippi

47,726

50,801

46,570

47,847

Missouri

63,847

63,460

64,128

59,764

Montana

55,641

55,618

49,124

51,791

Nebraska

64,800

64,417

63,625

60,129

Nevada

61,777

60,520

63,005

59,588

New Hampshire

81,522

81,313

79,339

72,369

New Jersey

90,261

89,372

87,412

82,406

New Mexico

48,223

51,452

45,867

48,422

New York

72,170

67,857

69,354

65,461

North Carolina

59,481

60,303

56,712

58,227

North Dakota

59,926

68,371

57,092

57,070

Ohio

66,734

67,589

66,066

63,934

Oklahoma

53,138

56,101

50,216

51,377

Oregon

61,945

61,250

61,570

60,262

Pennsylvania

68,646

68,913

68,578

64,310

Rhode Island

78,297

72,706

71,098

67,646

South Carolina

57,932

57,539

56,433

56,110

South Dakota

61,309

61,961

59,272

55,359

Tennessee

56,874

57,569

55,401

55,605

Texas

57,511

56,508

54,554

56,278

Utah

57,999

63,233

62,032

59,864

Vermont

71,382

72,465

65,876

62,331

Virginia

77,430

74,290

71,697

66,889

Washington

72,103

71,727

69,130

66,531

West Virginia

52,292

52,176

46,169

47,550

Wisconsin

71,064

71,267

69,010

66,988

Wyoming

62,933

66,325

56,065

57,148

Image of horizontal red colored lines, used to seperate topic sections.

Median Income for 4-Person Families, by State, for FY 2004-2001

Fiscal Year

2004

2003

2002

2001
Restated
(
Note 4)

United States

63,278

62,228

59,981

56,061

Alabama

54,594

51,451

52,405

50,644

Alaska

71,395

66,874

70,294

61,116

Arizona

56,067

55,663

53,041

49,445

Arkansas

47,838

44,537

46,671

44,270

California

63,761

63,206

63,100

55,415

Colorado

67,634

66,624

62,860

63,530

Connecticut

82,517

82,702

75,505

74,537

Delaware

73,301

69,360

65,584

64,184

District of Columbia

61,799

63,406

62,281

60,234

Florida

56,824

55,351

55,578

52,555

Georgia

59,497

59,489

57,795

56,172

Hawaii

66,014

65,872

66,402

61,540

Idaho

51,098

53,722

47,703

48,822

Illinois

66,507

68,117

66,356

61,733

Indiana

63,573

62,079

58,519

55,342

Iowa

61,656

57,921

58,075

53,040

Kansas

61,686

56,784

57,195

54,843

Kentucky

54,319

51,249

52,186

48,630

Louisiana

51,234

47,363

49,446

49,008

Maine

58,425

56,186

57,536

50,444

Maryland

82,879

77,562

74,806

71,244

Massachusetts

80,247

78,025

71,689

68,846

Michigan

68,337

68,740

65,467

59,053

Minnesota

72,635

70,553

66,677

67,704

Mississippi

46,810

46,331

47,915

43,976

Missouri

61,036

61,173

56,673

54,031

Montana

48,078

46,142

50,966

44,573

Nebraska

60,626

57,040

55,693

56,581

Nevada

59,283

59,614

59,479

54,320

New Hampshire

72,606

71,661

65,885

60,665

New Jersey

80,577

78,560

75,425

70,697

New Mexico

46,596

47,314

44,947

43,902

New York

66,498

64,520

59,755

57,210

North Carolina

56,500

57,203

56,115

54,687

North Dakota

55,138

53,140

51,002

50,925

Ohio

64,282

62,251

56,237

60,012

Oklahoma

53,949

48,459

52,261

47,362

Oregon

58,737

58,315

53,909

55,947

Pennsylvania

66,130

65,411

59,546

58,164

Rhode Island

70,446

68,418

64,614

62,775

South Carolina

59,212

56,294

55,978

52,417

South Dakota

59,718

55,150

52,246

50,052

Tennessee

56,052

54,899

51,999

50,434

Texas

56,606

53,513

53,291

51,148

Utah

59,035

57,043

57,251

55,392

Vermont

62,938

59,125

57,713

53,335

Virginia

69,616

68,054

64,352

60,586

Washington

65,997

63,568

62,618

60,788

West Virginia

49,470

46,270

45,202

43,181

Wisconsin

65,441

66,725

63,436

58,000

Wyoming

58,541

55,859

55,624

51,897

Image of horizontal red colored lines, used to seperate topic sections.

Median Income for 4-Person Families, by State, for FY 2001-1998

Fiscal Year

2001
(Note 4)

2000

1999

1998

United States

56,061

53,350

51,518

49,687

Alabama

51,156

48,240

44,879

42,617

Alaska

59,726

57,474

62,078

56,045

Arizona

49,397

47,133

45,032

44,526

Arkansas

44,471

38,646

36,828

38,520

California

55,209

55,217

53,807

51,519

Colorado

63,428

58,988

53,632

50,941

Connecticut

75,534

72,706

67,380

62,157

Delaware

65,157

63,171

56,662

54,519

District of Columbia

60,674

56,125

53,256

49,837

Florida

52,581

49,913

44,829

44,626

Georgia

55,989

51,649

48,920

48,850

Hawaii

61,838

58,474

57,909

54,749

Idaho

49,174

46,126

44,133

42,142

Illinois

61,672

57,811

55,372

53,807

Indiana

55,284

53,581

52,962

47,465

Iowa

53,230

51,782

48,167

47,314

Kansas

55,341

52,900

49,034

46,611

Kentucky

49,108

46,033

44,932

40,587

Louisiana

49,037

46,087

41,851

41,442

Maine

51,059

48,043

48,632

45,507

Maryland

71,404

66,508

61,860

60,239

Massachusetts

68,958

65,012

62,385

59,191

Michigan

59,019

57,521

56,174

52,955

Minnesota

67,140

60,577

56,200

54,396

Mississippi

43,907

42,238

38,748

37,328

Missouri

54,190

52,179

50,015

45,795

Montana

44,737

43,559

41,462

42,987

Nebraska

56,692

53,419

46,726

44,886

Nevada

53,054

53,302

50,946

50,064

New Hampshire

61,014

59,981

56,497

54,492

New Jersey

70,983

67,335

65,586

61,409

New Mexico

43,829

40,033

38,143

37,365

New York

57,142

55,911

52,799

50,672

North Carolina

54,331

51,790

49,272

47,367

North Dakota

51,002

46,921

45,480

43,483

Ohio

60,169

55,926

51,835

50,893

Oklahoma

47,436

44,283

43,138

42,124

Oregon

55,892

54,226

46,245

46,229

Pennsylvania

58,507

55,386

53,814

50,884

Rhode Island

62,339

62,005

53,967

51,362

South Carolina

52,111

49,660

46,973

44,048

South Dakota

49,702

46,831

45,043

42,269

Tennessee

50,310

48,244

45,245

44,312

Texas

51,148

48,007

46,757

43,977

Utah

54,946

50,823

45,775

45,611

Vermont

53,691

51,814

49,401

47,376

Virginia

60,860

57,050

53,394

50,032

Washington

61,059

57,421

53,153

51,415

West Virginia

43,239

43,668

41,293

39,731

Wisconsin

57,890

57,270

52,986

50,628

Wyoming

50,989

48,412

46,830

45,925

Image of horizontal red colored lines, used to seperate topic sections.

Notes:

1) In accordance with 45 CFR 96.85, 60 percent of each state's estimated median income for a 4-person family is multiplied by the following percentages to adjust for family size: 52 percent for one person, 68 percent for two persons, 84 percent for three persons, 100 percent for four persons, 116 percent for five persons, and 132 percent for six persons. For family sizes greater than six persons, add 3 percent for each additional family member and multiply the new percentage by the 60% of the State's estimated median income for a 4-person family.

2) Prepared by the Bureau of the Census. The methodology used to compute 4-person family median income by state has varied over the years.

                 Prior to FY 2008, estimates were based on data available from the March Current Population Survey (CPS) and the decennial census of population conducted by the Bureau of the Census; as well as per capita personal income estimates produced by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA). It was based on income that was received by the Current Population Survey respondents during the calendar year three years earlier. For example, the estimated median income used for eligibility determinations in Fiscal Year 2005 (which actually began October 1, 2004 and ended September 30, 2005) was based on income received during calendar year 2002 (January 1, 2002 through December 31, 2002).

                 For FY 2008 and FY2009, estimates were based on single year estimates from the American Community Surveys (ACS) for the calendar year three years earlier.

                 Beginning with FY 2010, estimates are based on three-year estimates (using data from calendar years three, four, and five years earlier) rather than single-year estimates, to reduce large year-to-year fluctuations that the single-year estimates tended to generate.

3) Historical information on the income eligibility guidelines along with additional alternative measures of income and other related information are available at:
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/income.html

4) Note that there are two sets of numbers for FY 2001. BEA revised its methodology in estimating personal per capita income, and the new methodology was employed to restate the FY 2001 figures shown in the earlier table and in all subsequent years.

Source:

Information for the tables in this topic was drawn from:
http://www.federalregister.gov/articles/2009/03/13/E9-5412/state-median-income-estimate-for-a-four-person-family-notice-of-the-federal-fiscal-year-ffy-2010
http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/ocs/liheap/guidance/information_memoranda/im10-09_ab.html
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/income/4person.html


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