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Lower Living Standard Income Level (LLSIL) Guidelines - Overview

 

images\dol_eta.gifUnder Title I of the Workforce Investment Act (WIA) of 1998 (Public Law 105-220) the Secretary of Labor, through the Department of Labor's Employment and Training Administration, annually determines the Lower Living Standard Income Level (LLSIL) for uses described in the Law. WIA defines the term "Low Income Individual" as one who qualifies under various criteria, including an individual who received income for a six-month period that does not exceed the higher of the poverty line or 70 percent of the lower living standard income level.

For WIA purposes, the numbers become effective when published in the Federal Register, and remain in effect until superceded by the next annual LLSIL announcement. The annually updated amounts are usually available, and become effective, in May or June.

Annual Tables

Select the year of interest and click one of the links below to jump to an individual annual topic and see tables containing figures used beginning with the effective date in that year:

           Lower Living Standard Income Level (LLSIL) Guidelines - 2010

           Lower Living Standard Income Level (LLSIL) Guidelines - 2009

           Lower Living Standard Income Level (LLSIL) Guidelines - 2008

           Lower Living Standard Income Level (LLSIL) Guidelines - 2007

           Lower Living Standard Income Level (LLSIL) Guidelines - 2006

           Lower Living Standard Income Level (LLSIL) Guidelines - 2005

           Lower Living Standard Income Level (LLSIL) Guidelines - 2004

           Lower Living Standard Income Level (LLSIL) Guidelines - 2003

Background

The LLSIL is used for several purposes under WIA. WIA defines the term "low income individual" for eligibility purposes, defines the term LLSIL, and defines the terms "disadvantaged adult" and "disadvantaged youth" in terms of the poverty line or LLSIL for purpose of State formula allotments. The Governor and State/Local Workforce Investment Boards use the LLSIL for determining eligibility for youth, eligibility for employed adult workers for certain services, and for the Work Opportunity Tax Credit (WOTC).

Explanation

WIA defines the LLSIL as "that income level (adjusted for regional, metropolitan, urban, and rural differences and family size) determined annually by the Secretary of Labor based on the most recent lower living family budget issued by the Secretary." The most recent lower living family budget was issued by the Secretary of Labor in the fall of 1981.

The four-person urban family budget estimates, previously published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), provided the basis for the Secretary to determine the LLSIL. BLS terminated the four-person family budget series in 1982, after publication of the fall 1981 estimates. Currently BLS provides the data from which the Employment and Training Administration (ETA) develops the LLSIL tables.

Use of The Data

Governors designate the appropriate LLSILs for use within a State from Tables 1 through 3. Tables 4 and 5 may be used with any of the levels designated. The Governor's designation may be provided by disseminating information on Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs) and metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas within the State, or it may involve further calculations. For example, the State of New Jersey may have four or more LLSIL figures: for Northeast metropolitan, for Northeast non-metropolitan, for portions of the State in the New York City MSA, and for those in the Philadelphia MSA. If a workforce investment area includes areas that would be covered by more than one figure, the Governor may determine which is to be used.

Additional Information

More information, links, contacts, and references on the Poverty Guidelines, the Poverty Thresholds, and the development and history of U.S. poverty measures is available online at:
http://aspe.hhs.gov/poverty/contacts.shtml

See also:

One-Stop Centers - Overview

Poverty Guidelines - Federal

Lower Living Standard Income Level (LLSIL) Guidelines - 2010

Lower Living Standard Income Level (LLSIL) Guidelines - 2009

Lower Living Standard Income Level (LLSIL) Guidelines - 2008

Lower Living Standard Income Level (LLSIL) Guidelines - 2007

Lower Living Standard Income Level (LLSIL) Guidelines - 2006

Lower Living Standard Income Level (LLSIL) Guidelines - 2005

Lower Living Standard Income Level (LLSIL) Guidelines - 2004

Lower Living Standard Income Level (LLSIL) Guidelines - 2003


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