WorkWORLD Logo: Empowerment through Decision Support Technology. Employment Support Institute, Virginia Commonwealth University.  Link to WorkWORLD homepage. WorkWORLD Logo: Empowerment through Decision Support Technology. Employment Support Institute, Virginia Commonwealth University.      
  Get Latest
Get Latest WorkWORLD Version button and link to How To Get WorkWORLD page
WorkWORLD Logo: Empowerment through Decision Support Technology. Employment Support Institute, Virginia Commonwealth University.

Medicaid - Overview


Graphic for Medicaid program, with text 'Medicaid' in white letters superimposed over a symbol of a short rod entwined by two snakes and topped by a pair of wings, which is actually the caduceus or magic wand of the Greek god Hermes (Roman Mercury), messenger of the gods, inventor of (magical) incantations, conductor of the dead and protector of merchants and thieves, all on blue background.Title XIX of the Social Security Act is a Federal-State matching entitlement program that pays for medical assistance for certain vulnerable and needy individuals and families with low incomes and resources. This program, known as Medicaid, became law in 1965 as a jointly funded cooperative venture between the Federal and State governments ("State" used herein includes the Territories and the District of Columbia) to assist States furnishing medical assistance to eligible needy persons. Medicaid is the largest source of funding for medical and health-related services for America's poorest people. In FY 2001, it provided health care assistance to more than 46 million persons. In FY 2003, direct payments to providers were $197.3 billion, and total outlays for the program (Federal and State) were $278.3 billion.

Within broad national guidelines established by Federal statutes, regulations and policies, each State: (1) establishes its own eligibility standards; (2) determines the type, amount, duration, and scope of services; (3) sets the rate of payment for services; and (4) administers its own program. Medicaid policies for eligibility, services, and payment are complex, and vary considerably even among similar-sized and/or adjacent States. Thus, a person who is eligible for Medicaid in one State might not be eligible in another State; and the services provided by one State may differ considerably in amount, duration, or scope from services provided in a similar or neighboring State. In addition, Medicaid eligibility and/or services within a State can change during the year.

NOTE: Medicaid data are based on the projections of the Mid-session Review of the President's Fiscal Year 2005 Budget and are consistent with data received from the States.

Much of the material in this and the related topics below is drawn from a HCFA (now CMS) report prepared by Mary Onnis Waid entitled "Brief Summaries of Medicare and Medicaid", dated June 25, 1998, and updated periodically. These topics are based on the latest revision, available at:

See these topics for additional information:

   Medicaid - Eligibility

   Medicaid - Scope of Services

   Medicaid - Amount and Duration of Services

   Medicaid - Payment for Services

   Medicaid - Data Summary and Trends

   Relationship of Medicaid and Medicare


WorkWORLD™ Help/Information System

AddThis Social Bookmark Button   Share/Save: Click the button or link at left to select your favorite bookmark service and add this page.

This is one topic from the thousands available in the WorkWORLD™ software Help/Information System.
Complete information about the software is available at:

Get WorkWORLD latest version button and link to How to Get WorkWORLD page

See How to Get WorkWORLD page at:

NOTE: Sponsored links and commercial advertisements help make the WorkWORLD™ website possible by partially defraying its operating and maintenance expenses. No endorsement of these or any related commercial products or services is intended or implied by the Employment Support Institute or any of its partners. ESI and its partners take no responsibility for, and exercise no control over, any of these advertisements or their views or contents, and do not vouch for the accuracy of the information contained in them. Readers are cautioned to verify all information obtained from these advertisements prior to taking any actions based upon them. The installed WorkWORLD software does not contain advertisements of any kind.

Copyright © 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, Virginia Commonwealth University. All rights reserved.